INFLATION VERSUS PUBLIC EXPENDITURE GROWTH IN THE US: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION
Chinedu B. Ezirim
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Mike I. Muoghalu
Pittsburg State University, USA.
Alabama A & M University, USA.
This paper investigates the relationship between public expenditure growth and inflation in the United States of America using the cointegration analysis and Granger Causality Model applied to Time Series Annual Data from 1970 – 2002. The results indicate that public expenditure and inflation are cointegrated and thus there exist a long-run equilibrium relation between the two variables. There is also a bi-causational relationship between public expenditure growth and inflation in the United States of America. Inflation significantly influences public expenditure decisions in the United States of America. Public expenditure growth was seen to aggravate inflationary pressures in the country, where reduction in public expenditure tends to reduce inflation. Thus, as in previous studies, the efficacy of Keynesian‟s fiscal policy as a veritable tool to combating inflation in the developed countries is not falsified
Key Words: Public Expenditure, Inflation, Developing Economies
JEL Classification: E31, E62, H5, H59