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FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ATTRIBUTES OF INTERNAL AUDIT DEPARTMENTS: A CANONICAL ANALYSIS

Dessalegn Getie Mihret

University of New England, Australia.

 

ABSTRACT

This study explores internal audit (IA) practices in selected Ethiopian organizations to identify factors associated with attributes of IA departments. Analytical questionnaire survey responses of 188 IA directors and staff from Ethiopian government ministries, state-owned enterprises and private companies were used. Canonical analysis results show that IA proficiency, scope of IA work and quality of IA planning and execution are higher in organizations where organizational policy authorizing IA is clearly defined, organizational risk exposure is high and internal audit‘s linkage with external audit is strong. The findings suggest that in organizations that are exposed to high risk, management tends to appreciate IA‘s assistance in managing risk and thus strengthens IA. Results also suggest the importance of internal and external audit linkages and IA charter (or similar organizational policy) to strengthen IA. The study provides further evidence of differences in IA attributes between public and private sector entities.

Keywords: Internal audit; internal audit context; corporate governance; canonical analysis; Ethiopia

JEL code: M42